Preparing for Ice Raids in Trumps America

Preparing for Ice Raids in Trumps America

This power point was developed in March 2017 by Jackson Chin and Jose Perez of LatinoJustice for a webinar hosted by NYIC. This subject-matter will be of great concern for the unforeseeable future given the fear and panic sweeping the nation due to Trump’s Exec. Order and DHS Kelly directives to expand ICE’s enforcement and arrests.

Disclaimer: We provide this as general legal information. As legal developments and law may change, consult an attorney for legal advice suitable to one's own particular facts and circumstances.

Copyright2017 - Please give credit to LatinoJustice when citing or using any part of this material. Thank you.

Notes: Each number corresponds to the number of the slide

  1. Live Webinar: Preparing for ICE Raids in Trump’s America Monday, Feb. 27, 2017 A primer on how to prepare your communities and some legal options for those targeted
  2. ABOUT LATINOJUSTICE PRLDEF • Founded in 1972 as Puerto Rican Legal Defense & Education Fund (PRLDEF) • A pan-Latino national not-for-profit non-partisan legal defense fund • Protecting the constitutional and civil rights of Latinos for over 44 years • We champion an equitable society and protect Latinos’ equal opportunities in civil society to fulfill their dreams, and to sustain their families and communities.
    -New DHS Memo on Enforcement (Feb. 20, 2017)
    - Will implement Trump Exec. Order (Jan. 25, 2017)
    - Targets of ICE enforcement
    - Strategies before, during, and after an ICE home raid
    - LatinoJustice’s Aguilar v. DHS-ICE settlement on ICE conduct in home raids
    - What to do when someone is arrested / detained by ICE
    - Question and Answers Presenter: Jackson Chin, Senior Counsel LatinoJustice
  4. Trump’s Executive Order and New DHS-ICE priorities U.S. Dep't of Homeland Security (DHS) consists of CBP, ICE, CIS, FEMA, Coast Guard, TSA, Secret Service, etc. ICE Memo - Broadens enforcement for non-US citizen aliens with history at local, state or federal Criminal systems who: • have final criminal conviction (no pending appeal) • have open criminal charges, even if no guilt finding • have committed acts that can constitute chargeable crimes • ICE agents believe pose a threat to public safety • have engaged in fraud, misrepresentation in applications to government, • have “abused” public benefits, or, • *have final Order of Removal from Immigration Court but have not departed U.S. ("fugitives"/"absconders"). Note: "In absentia" Orders of removal (i.e.,no-shows at Immigration court hearing)
  5. Vagueness of Trump Exec Order and DHS Memo Trump – It’s going to be a “military operation”. DHS Kelly: No, it’s not… Rhetoric and visible actions to sow fear, confusion, “red-meat” for Trump’s base. Expanding ICE enforcement and removal 1. EO seems to expand crime basis; unclear: -- Would “committed acts that constitute a chargeable criminal offense” apply to anyone who entered U.S. without inspection (EWI), overstayed visa, or violated visa conditions, or, made improper entry? Include, minor offenses, vehicle code violations? -- No exception for those charged with crimes who were later acquitted or where charges were dismissed? 2. Abuse in receipt of public benefits (How can ICE agents decide? Wouldn't this require a fraud finding made by a judge or agency?) 3. Expands reach of "Expedited Removal" to inadmissable arriving aliens (i.e., ICE statutory authority in limited situations to bypass Immigration Court jurisdiction) except for unaccompanied minors, claims of credible fear of persecution or torture 4. Stricter ICE use of parole authority for arriving aliens at borders and in interior for only limited humanitarian cases DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program and its temporary benefits, as created by Obama Exec. Order, left intact, unchanged, so far…)
  6. ICE workforce to grow; Up partnerships with police 1. DHS Memo restores Secure Communities program which enhances ICE networking with local jails and police (info-sharing alien arrestee's fingerprints, pedigree data ) 2. DHS to enlist “any willing jurisdiction” and prisons into Criminal Alien Program (CAP) for fast-track removals of incarcerated or at-large. 3. DHS revives 287(g) program which trains and deputizes local or state staff/police/sheriffs to identity, investigate, arrest, detain and transport removable criminal alien suspects. 4. DHS Memo seeks 10,000 new agents for enforcement (Need Congress to approval funding) - Now, CBP has 59K employees; 23,000 CBP officers, 20,000 Border Patrol agents; 328 POEs within 20 Field Offices,135 Border Patrol stations and 20 sub-stations; 35 permanent checkpoints. - Now, ICE has 20,000 employees, 400 offices; 24 national ERO field offices; 129 teams (Nat’l Fugitive Operations Program) do mostly community arrests - FY 2016: ICE arrests and removal actions mostly from ICE taking custody of criminal aliens at local enforcement institutions, not community/home raids
  7. ICE Prosecutorial Discretion; Issuance of NTAs 1. DHS - ICE required to initiate removal expeditiously against anyone “subject to removal under any provision of the (Title 8 US Code) INA.” 2. NTA (Notice To Appear) is the ICE charging document alleging INA violations used to initiate removal at the (EOIR) immigration courts. 3. Now, ICE “prosecutorial discretion” will be on a case-by- case basis AND requires review by higher level official at field office for approval. (ICE officers will have less discretion to delay or to not proceed in removals…) 4. Trump Exec Order and DHS Memo rescinded Obama’s PEP “Priority Enforcement Policy” and ICE Morton Memo, and, nullifies any internal policies, rules inconsistent with new directives, guidences
  8. Limits Privacy Act coverage /Data collected by DHS Prior to new Exec Order, DHS had restricted disclosure of data provided by immigrants to the USCIS under Privacy Act. Now, DHS will afford Privacy Act rights only to a USC or LPR. All data/information from foreign visitors, visa applicants, undocumented, TPS, other pending cases, at risk of disclosure to ICE, law enforcement agencies. Question: Will ICE be able to access USCIS database on DACA’s 800K+ applicants and recipients? Lays groundwork for future ICE enforcement? DHS changes require rule-making or new field directives.
  9. ICE will issue statistical report to Public DHS Memo directs ICE create monthly reports to track non-US Citizen arrests - Identifying numbers of convictions; nature of offenses; gang status; prior immigration violations; custody status; reason/location of release, immigrant’s full name and country of birth; ICE further will provide detailed weekly reports on non-US Citizens convicted or charged with crimes in jurisdictions that do not comply with ICE detainers. The purpose is to pressure and shame so-called "Sanctuary" jurisdictions, that do not fully cooperate with ICE detainer requests
  10. LatinoJustice’s Aguilar v. U.S. ICE: Settlement (2013) • ICE home raids - Long Island, NY - pre-dawn • Why an important case? • 22 plaintiffs - $1 million damages AND • DHS agreed to issue and circulate “National Training and Policy Memo” + to amend training manual for all its agents per Settlement agreement DHS has FLETC / GLYNCO / Training Academy (Georgia) • Required - All trainees must pass Spanish Language Proficiency test, unless otherwise waived... for Graduation • ICE Detention and Removal Operations (DRO) Agent Training, requires "DRO Spanish Language Training Program" (5 weeks). • "Basic Immigration Law Enforcement Training Program -ICE-D" (13 weeks).
  11. Aguilar v ICE settlement – Part 2 • Our Settlement affects DHS-HSI enforcement staff • Key Training Points for Agents: o Obtain Consent to enter home and curtilage o Enter or search a home but have one or more Spanish-speaking ICE agents when targets in home raid are thought to be from Spanish-speaking country, “whenever feasible” and, o Limit use of ICE protective sweeps only where a reasonable, articulable suspicion of danger exists inside home. No private right of action created.
  12. ICE REQUIRES CONSENT TO ENTER A HOME - 4th Amendment • 4th Amendment protects a person from unreasonable searches and seizures of “protected interests” by government agents. • ICE must get consent to enter a home or its curtilage where a “reasonable expectation of privacy” exists. • Places where one expects that a place or thing will remain free of government intrusion; and, • Society recognizes that privacy expectation is reasonable.
  14. U.S. Constitution – 4th Amendment – Criminal S+ S Reasonable Expectation of Privacy (REP) Privacy Expectation Found No Privacy Expectation 1. In the home; 2. On your person; 3. In curtilage area; 4. Private communications; 5. Closed containers such as briefcases, backpacks, luggage, sealed packages (not in plain-view) 1. Areas in open or partial view; 2. Open fields; 3. Overheard conversations; 4. Abandoned property 5. Squatters on private property; and 6. Trash 7. *(?)A house door left open or ajar.
  15. What’s the Curtilage? Can I Make One?  Curtilage - the physical area immediately around a house, usually fully enclosed, used in the daily activities of domestic life.  ICE agents must also obtain consent to enter.  If this area is not fully covered, les strangers come in, has gaps, then cover it! NOTE: Four (EDEN) factors used to identify an area as the curtilage:  Enclosure surrounding the home;  Distance of the area claimed to be the curtilage from the home;  Efforts taken by the resident to protect the area from observation by people passing by; and  Nature of the use to which the area is put. U.S. v. Dunn, 480 U.S. 294 (1987).
  16. Consent vs. Coercion • Teach Your Community about One’s Right to (Withhold) Consent – the key to home protection. Don’t waive it. • ICE agents should communicate in the native language of the resident or have an agent available to communicate in the language understood by the target Immigrant. • Was consent refused? Obtained by coercion? • Coercion could be pushing, kicking a door open, or using other forceful or intimidating tactics. • Consent given voluntarily? English-speaking immigrants.
  17. Intimidating or Forceful Tactics o BREAKING down the door or entry point to make an entry when occupant refuses to give consent. o Display of weapons or having guns drawn may be viewed as coercion rather than used in obtaining voluntary consent. o For example, agents with guns drawn at the door is not conducive to obtaining consent. Ask: Is a sub-tenant's basement unit with a separate entry covered?
  18. Trickery and Deceit • Immigration agents not prohibited from using trickery to gain entry into the home to make an arrest. ("ruse") • ICE agents can generally lie/deceive to gain entry. • Pretending to be local police officer**, mail delivery person, salesperson, utilities service, etc., • Create false emergencies and use pretexts **Los Angeles Mayor and City Council officials write DHS Secretary objecting to ICE agents‘ practice of announcing themselves as "Police" when knocking at homes or in encounters with public as undermining public safety and trust / cooperation with LAPD from immigrant residents (Los Angeles Times, Feb. 2017). (But, it's not illegal.)
  19. Arrest (Criminal v. Admin warrants)  Criminal Warrants  Law enforcement (Police, DEA, FBI, etc.) in Conducting Searches and Seizures of a home • Must be Approved and signed by Magistrate or judge; • Probable cause standard • Has affidavit specifying the place to be searched and items or person to be seized.
  20. Administrative Warrants  Administrative warrants are used by agencies to enforce civil administrative (non-criminal) laws and ordinances (e.g. DHS-ICE, EPA, local-state health, zoning departments, etc) .  ICE warrant is signed by a supervising ICE official, granting field agents needed authorization to arrest an immigrant who has committed immigration violations.  Sometimes, no warrant exists in fact though claim is made. IMPORTANT: Administrative warrants CANNOT support a legal entry into a home unless consent is given. See, Illinois Migrant Council v. Pilliod, 531 F. Supp. 1011 (N.D. III. 1982)
  21. Searches in Workplace Enforcement Operations ICE should get a warrant... Generally, an Administrative search of a workplace may be valid under two conditions. If the search is: • Performed as a routine, work-related purpose; and, • Is conducted by the Supervisor where there is a reasonable suspicion that it will reveal evidence of employee misconduct. Rationale: A Reasonable Expectation of Privacy (REP) is not found in most areas of a retail worksite. However, secured factory or plant is different. See 4 EDEN factors. Ask - What about the enclosed bathroom stall? An employer or worksite manager can refuse entry into private property and REP areas. ( Sorry, you cannot come in. I want to see a warrant!)
  22. ICE Arrests at Home, Or In Public Places  ICE agent must obtain consent to enter the home to effectuate a proper arrest in the home  ICE agents may conduct surveillance in advance of arrest.  ICE operations often will inform local police.  ICE operations may avoid the need to gain consensual entry into a home; by lying in wait outside to catch alien as one is getting ready for work, school, shopping etc.  Keep in mind: ICE immigration officer without a warrant can question and arrest an immigrant noncitizen in a public area, such as, a public park, bus stations, public transport, shopping mall, other public spaces, or, on street, where there is no REP.
  23. When ICE comes knocking at your door...  If ICE knocks on your door. Stay calm. Stay quiet. Do NOT open the door. Act like no one is at home.  If ICE asks to come in. You have the right to say “NO! You can NOT come in.” "I want to see a warrant."  MOST PRACTICAL— Hide and wait it out. Do NOT open the door. (Depend on time of day and life scenarios)
  24. What happens if ICE gets inside ICE must get consent before conducting a search of the premises. Occupant, who gives consent, must be someone with actual or apparent authority to give consent, including, those who are there in the absence of the owner. ICE agents will search for all occupants inside, round up into one place, frisk for any dangerous weapons, etc. ICE agents will demand to see positive ID documents, e.g., passports, other ID, for each person. *** False documents found in a wallet or presented can be seized. Information, such as one's name, birthplace or country of origin, which proves you are foreign- born (alienage) shifts the burden of proof to the person to show presence in the U.S. is legal. NOTE: Concerns on ICE Imposters, Vigilantes, Opportunism
  25. Who can give consent to ICE?  Persons that can authorize consent to enter a home: • Spouse (One spouse can revoke consent given by other); • Children / Youth (of sufficient age and maturity); • Landlord; • Other tenants, roommates; • Co-habitants with use of the common area. (ROLE PLAY) Withhold consent as best policy for protection. In a firm voice, say: “I give no permission to enter” “No doy permiso para que entran.”
  26. Limiting and Revoking One’s Consent The scope of Consent can be limited:  One who grants consent for ICE agents to search residence, may try to limit scope of the consent to certain areas.  Certain items may be exempted from scope of consent. Consent can be revoked at any time.  For example, to revoke consent, if an agent is walking around the home and intruding into locked rooms, closets, or, making search of personal items and private areas, loudly state: “Stop, you cannot go there. I do NOT permit you searching inside my home. I do NOT consent. Now, leave !”
  27. After ICE Enters: Protective Sweeps  An agent can conduct a protective sweep after entering the home only when there is a reasonable, articulable suspicion of danger. See, Maryland v. Buie, 494 U.S. 325, 110 S. Ct. 1093, 108 L. Ed. 2d 276 (1990)  ICE agent must have a reasonable belief that the search is necessary to protect the agent(s) or others from direct or imminent harm.  Make no effort to run away nor to attack agents.
  28. ICE Entry into the home: 5th Amendment  The United States Constitution protects all persons, including noncitizens and undocumented immigrants, from a right against self-incrimination. (So, keep silent when asked questions.)  "Collateral arrests"  Admissions must be made knowingly and voluntarily.  Do not disclose place or country of birth. Once ICE knows about one’s alienage, the burden shifts to the non-citizen immigrant to prove they are legally in U.S.  If one cannot show proof of legal status, ICE can make further investigate and make an arrest.
  29. ICE Enters the Home: Right to Remain Silent  A person (suspect) is legally required to disclose his or her real name, if asked by law enforcement officers, but can remain silent as to other questions.  If any law enforcement agent continues to ask questions, a proper response is, “I wish to remain silent.. (I’m not talking until I can see a lawyer.”
  30. During / After ICE Raids - Extracting Information ICE tactics: • Verbal and physical, Repetitive threats, semi-coercive; Ruses; Restraints, Physical isolation, Fear of family separation; Depriving one of food, water, medicine."Good cop-bad cop". Capitalizing on fear and anxiety… Risks in an Immigrant unknowingly signing documents: • One is not required to sign documents at or after the ICE arrest. • Are documents in the language of the arrestee? Literacy level? • Coercion used to force someone to sign is a violation… • Documents could amount to agreeing to self-deport (expedites removal), give up procedural or other rights, or, to make admissions.
  31. ICE enters the home: ID Documents One is NOT required to relinquish their property as in government documents, such as: passport, EAD work authorization document, or, consular documents. • If ICE asks you to show immigration documents, you may refuse. “No, I will not.” (if no reasonable suspicion)  DON’T show, share, carry or use false documents, another person’s valid ID, nor, circulate any fake ID.
  32. ICE home raid: Record interaction For witness onlookers and home occupant of targeted raid: -Record the ICE actions by using cell phone or a camera. -Preserve audio-video evidence that may show whether consent was given, or, if coercive tactics used to gain entry. Evidence can assist later in immigration court, civil rights cases. -ACLU has smartphone application that can record arrest events. Upload from:
  33. ICE enters the home: The Agents  Remember facts about ICE agents' appearance. Ask for full name of ICE agents (especially where there is misconduct)  Raise safety concerns if children, infirm, elderly or disabled are inside the home. (Stay silent about your alienage…)  Non-detained occupants can offer to get clothes, personal items, and medication if the arrestee is being placed into ICE custody.  Agents are not required to bring personal belongings for the comfort of the arrestee / detainee.
  34. Before ICE Comes to you: Are you in their system? Do you have an Order of Removal? FIND OUT!  The Executive Office for Immigration Review (“EOIR”) phone number lets immigrants and noncitizens readily access information about their court case, in Spanish and English.  This is a 24/7 automated line . No one will ask for whose calling it.  The nine-digit Alien Registration number (“A-Number”) of the person you are looking into is required to access case information.
  35. Before the raid: Find your A-Number  An identification number issued to immigrants and noncitizens who have had contact or filed papers with DHS / CIS/ ICE.  For this phone system, the alien’s A # is 9-digits (Add Zero in front to make it nine digits)  The A number is usually found on DHS and EOIR immigration court correspondence.  If the name and A# did not come up, then, it’s unlikely you ordered deported by a judge.
  36. Before the raid: Find out if you’re in the system EOIR Immigration Court Information:  Dial 1-240-314-1500 or 1-800-898-7180 Case status information is: • Next court hearing date, time, and location; •Immigration Judge’s decision and date; and •Case processing info, and, BIA appeals filing deadline.
  37. Before the raid: Readiness / Home preparation • Review possible immigration relief via (free resource to self-screen on basic eligibility for key immigration law using yes and no questions) • Prepare 6 month “emergency plan” / set aside funds • If a family member is arrested / detained by ICE • Have funds on hand in order to pay immigration bond or a lawyer • Review option to set up electronic banking • Memorize key phone numbers (cellphones will be taken) • Temporary Guardianship for children under age 18
  38. Planning ahead- Material and Psychological Make a clear “Safety plan” in the event an ICE raid occurs. Discuss with family and trusted friends. Like disaster planning, agree to contigencies: • Locate some “sanctuary” space, such as a church or trusted friend’s home, as meeting place or temporary shelter. • ICE claims it will honor policy not to enter "sensitive areas" - childcare, schools, places of worship, hospitals, courts, when making ICE arrests. • Setup “buddy system” of friends or family who can text or phone you or someone who is at risk of being detained. Who children can contact if a parent is missing... • Carry Know Your Rights / "I do not consent. I will stay silent” palm cards
  39. Before the raid: Documents and Lawyers •Safeguard immigration and key identity documents. • Store in a safe place. One set of photocopies should be kept outside of the home. Scan them into a PDF and store into an online / cloud account which allows easy remote access… • Tell trusted family members or friends where and how documents can be accessed, if need to provide to lawyer in the event that a person is detained. • Find or hire a lawyer or a law clinic program familiar with deportation defense who may be willing to represent the immigrant in the event one is arrested or detained by ICE. • Keep and memorize important names and phone numbers.
  40. During the ICE raid: Medication and Minor Children •Know your prescription medications. Inform ICE of any chronic medical conditions that exist. Carry a list of doctor’s contact information and specific names and doses of medications. •Child Plans. Consider short term and long term-care for children in the event one gets detained. Planning includes updating emergency contact info at schools, deciding who should get temporary guardianship custody, in the event the parent is detained. • Pregnancy Condition.
  41. Before the raid: Discuss legal strategies If an order of removal exists for you or family member speak to an immigration attorney about possible forms of relief, including: • Asylum may be an option if there is a fear of violence for returning home. • Family petitions / Marriage petitions. • Cancellation of Removal • Available to undocumented immigrants and • Legal Permanent Residents with certain criminal convictions
  42. Before the raid: Discuss Legal Strategies • Undocumented persons involved in civil or labor rights litigation with active and open cases may be able to petition ICE for permission to remain non-detained, in the US pending completion of litigation. • Pending S, T, and U visa eligibility. Or, temporary status. • E.g., survivors of domestic violence at the hands of a male partner in Guatemala may qualify to seek asylum relief. • Undocumented widow/widowers of U.S. Citizens • If special circumstances exist (pregnancy, children who require daily care, etc.) try to negotiate with ICE attorney or ICE-ERO unit removal officer to delay filing NTA.
  43. After the raid: Locate a detainee  ICE Online Detainee Locator lets the public to find a person known to be in ICE custody via its webpage (or, check  To search and locate a detainee, one must have Alien #number and country of birth; or  Search with person's First and Last name, and, date of birth  Or, call ICE’s detention line at 1-888-351-4024 daytime.  Or, contact local DHS-ICE office for a deportation officer.
  44. During or After the ICE raid: Report it!  Report ICE raids to the United We Dream National Hotline: 1-844-363-1423 • This group attempts to monitor ICE activity in real time (i.e. raids, checkpoints, ICE in public places); • Callers may get rights and referral info to local organizations or legal services in their area.
  45. After raid: Possible Options – Suppression Motions • Immigrants in removal proceedings before the Immigration Judge may have 4th and 5th Amendment-type defenses. May lead to case dismissal. • At Master Calendar hearing, Alien refuses to concede ICE inadmissibility charges and NYA's allegations. • Suppression motion challenges admissibility or weight of evidence; to seek subpoena of ICE agent(s) for cross-examination. • Respondent has heightened burden to prove egregiousness, ICE misconduct • ICE agent prepared I-213 Record of Deportability (e.g. alien's admissions on alienage, hearsay from third parties, etc. ) Immigration judge weighs whether ICE actions (if coercion used, or, unreliable facts) untrustworthy, unfairly obtained to justify exclusion in Government's prosecution. Matter of Barcenas, 22 I&N Dec. 784 (BIA 1988). • Ask clients (and other witnesses) about circumstances in the ICE home raid operation, and, if warrantless searches and seizures occurred: • Was entry forced? Broken doors, locks? • How did officers obtain information? Threats used? Was only English spoken to obtain consent? • Were weapons drawn and pointed? Unconscionable conduct?
  46. After the raid: Legal Strategies – Habeas Corpus To challenge immigration custody (need not be physically detained), one may file a habeas corpus petition after an order of removal is final. • A Petition for a Writ is filed with the U.S. Circuit Court. $5 court filing fee. Deadlines exist. • Some grounds can challenge mandatory detention, lack of immigration bond or an excessively high bond. • This is a complex, intensive work for service providers. • Detainees can be transferred far away from their residence or arrest location. Where the person is “in custody” can determine where to file and against which entities to name in the petition.
  47. After the raid: Who to contact? Outside New York City: • (Albany) Upstate New York Immigration Law Project: (518) 462-6765; Toll-free: 1-800-963-5604 • (Buffalo) Journey’s End Refugee Services: (716) 882-4963 • (Buffalo) Erie County Bar Association • Rochester Legal Aid Society – Immigration Program: (585) 232-4090 • (Syracuse) Hiscock Legal Aid Society – Immigration: (315) 422-8191 • • Immigration Law Clinics - Pace Law, Albany Law, Buffalo Law, Cornell law, Cardoza Law, NYU Law, NY Law School Safe Passage Project (unaccompanied minors only); Yale Law, Find nationwide providers • American Immigration Lawyers Ass'n - Local Chapters
  48. After the raid: Which legal aid groups to call? In New York City: (* limited to resident immigrant with criminal issues) • Legal Aid Society – ICE Raid Hotline: (844) 955-3425 • NYLAG: (212) 613-5000 • * Immigrant Defense Project (IDP): (212) 725-6422 • * Brooklyn Defender Services: (718) 254-0700 • * The Bronx Defenders: (718) 838-7878 • * Queens Law Associates: (718) 261-3047 • Catholic Charities Immigration Services: (212) 419-3700 • CALA (Central American Legal Assistance) Brooklyn • Catholic Migration Services: • Queens: (347) 472-3500 • Brooklyn: (718) 236-3000
  49. Further Resources (some may become superceded) • Kurzban’s Immigration Law Resource (highly recognized one-volume law reference manual) • NYU Law Immigrant Rights Clinic 2012 advisory on Olivia-Ramos: •ACLU of Arizona 2015 advisory on children following CBP release: enting%20Immigrant%20Children%20Following%20Release%20from%20Border%20Patrol% 20Custody_Nov%202015.pdf •American Immigration Council legal advisory on rescinding in absentia orders (2010) •AIC/NIP advisory on preventing removal of those who are not enforcement priorities (2015) •AIC /AILA immigration practice advisories •U Miami Law School clinic on suppression motions: /clinics/immigration-clinic-cases-projects-resources
  50. Further Resources • NIP National Immigration Project - Advisory on reinstatement of removal (2013) • IAN Library on Raids and Enforcement: •United We Dream - KYR flyer & hotline: -defense-card-handy-phone/ National Immigration Law Center: community education video: NYS New Americans Hotline 1-800-566-7636 www.TheNYIC.ORG
  51. Questions? JACKSON CHIN, SENIOR COUNSEL Jose Perez, Deputy General Counsel (212)-219-3360 ICE Home Raids / No Consent Entry Call LatinoJustice 1- 800-328-2322 Toll Free Or email us at

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